Rights for Blacks
The 1863 Emancipation Proclamation was passed, by necessity; an ordinary law could not be passed by Congress. The reason being, the Constitution recognized slavery.
Thus, Article 1. Section (2) allows the slave population to be counted:
– as 3/5s of the House of Representatives
– for distributing seats in the House
– for determining taxes.
In order to abolish slavery the Constitution must be amended. Thus the Thirteenth Amendment was proposed to the states. Ratification is necessary for continuance. The Union considered the Confederacy as illegal; 27 of the existing 36 states were needed to approve the new amendment, in order for it to be passed and also to be executed.
Eleven of those states were under military governance and lacked civilian government officials. Eight of the occupied Southern states were pressured to accept the amendment as a condition for reclaiming their seats in Congress. The Thirteenth Amendment had been added to the Constitution of the United States, on December 6, 1865.
Feature Image Copyright: <a href=’http://www.123rf.com/profile_frugo’>frugo / 123RF Stock Photo</a>