On July 4, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln delivered an address, to the United States Congress, explaining his aims: waging war against the seceding Southern states. This speech was widely publicized and reprinted in newspapers around the North. In February, 1861, the functions of the federal government were found to be frequently suspended within half a dozen states of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Florida; excepting only those of the post office department within these states: the forts, arsenals, dockyards, custom houses, and similar federal properties may have been seized and were held in open hostility to the federal government, except the ports: Fort Pickens, Taylor, and Jefferson on a near the Florida coast. Fort Sumter of Charleston Harbor and South Carolina Fort Sumter were was considered the most dangerously armed and protected.
During this time the Honorable Abe Lincoln was experiencing his first term as The President of The United States; The Republicans on the third ballot of their convention, in Chicago, nominated Abe Lincoln. As a result Abe Lincoln was on the presidential contest in November 1860; Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. The Lincoln election caused upheaval and relocation of uncompromising Southerners; the outcome of 1860 election triggered another reason for rebellion. Four days after Lincoln’s election, America’s Southerner legislature inevitably called a conventional meeting in Charleston, SC. On December 20, 1860, the convention ultimately chose to secede from the Union, and six additional Deep South states followed by February 1861.
In February 1861, representatives from the seven states met in Montgomery, AL (their newly acclaimed temporary capital) to form the Confederate States of America and chose their president, the former United States Sen. Jefferson Davis of Mississippi, and Vice President, Alexander Stephens Georgia. In 1861, a prewar , February peace conference met in Washington, in a failed attempt to resolve the crisis. However, governors of Massachusetts, New York, and Pennsylvania quietly began buying weapons and training militia units. These three governors would begin office after March 4, 1861, while Buchanan confronted the emergency of the brink of war. Buchanan attempted to comfort; he rejected the idea that secession was legal. Buchanan also insisted that the United States Constitution did not empower the president to employ force to preserve the Union. Buchanan’s compromise failed partially because Lincoln declared his opposition; the coexistence of slave owning South with an increasingly anti-slavery North made conflict most inevitable.
Abraham Lincoln did not propose their laws against slavery, where it already existed; but in his 1858 House Divided Speech; the former president, at the time, expressed the need to “arrest the further spread of slavery and place this disease where the public mind shall rest and relief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction.” On March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as president. He stated he had no intent to invade Southern states, nor did he intend to end slavery were it existed, but that he would use force to maintain possession of federal property. The South sent delegations to Washington and offered to pay for the federal properties. Lincoln rejected any negotiation with Confederate agents because the Confederacy was not a legitimate government and that making a treaty with it would be recognition of it as a sovereign government.
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